The popularity of schizophrenia is given by the unknown facts regarding this affection. It is hard to tell how a schizophrenic patient sees the world, but they also have a lot of moments of clarity, so they often explain it themselves. The affection can be devastating for the relatives, but also for the one suffering from it. However, a good treatment can ensure a decent job. Moreover, the uncertain factors about this disease have given a lot of people the possibility to come up with their own ideas and claims.
Famous quotes on schizophrenia
Raymond Holder once said that schizophrenia occurs when personalities from past lies and memories of past spirits get inside your body and try to control it. He made the statement in “The Antichrist Training Manual”. It sounds like a good theory for those who believe in reincarnation and spirits, but also a funny and interesting one for those who believe in science.
Other than that, R.D. Laing came up with a deeper quote when he affirmed that schizophrenia cannot be understood without understanding despair. When the other universe is too negative, despair simply steps into the process as well. When you know how it feels, you can easily tell how schizophrenic patients feel too.
The following are the diagnostic criteria for determining if a person has schizophrenia.
A. Characteristic Symptoms Of Schizophrenia Disorder : When two or more of these symptoms exist for a certain or significant amount of time the first month or less depending on if it was treated.
B. Social/ Occupational Dysfunction: When there has been a significant disturbance within a relationship or work setting. Also deals with a pause in self-care.
C. Duration: When said issues or disturbances last for six months or longer. When the person is manifested negatively with the following symptoms in section A.
D. Schizoaffective and Mood Disorder Illusion: When psychotic features have been ruled out because they show no form of major depression or manic.
E. Substance/ General Medical Condition Exclusion: When the illness is not due to any use of drug substance that would cause any psychological problems.
F. The Relationship To A Pervasive Development Disorder: If there is a relation to Autistic Disorder or any other Pervasive Development Disorder, it is a must that the Schizophrenic symptoms have lasted at least a month to rightly diagnose.
The above symptoms are meant to point out Schizophrenia in general. The next step is to properly disclaim which sub-type the patient would fall under.
There is are a numerous amounts of different treatments for Schizophrenia. Although, since scientists and researchers still don’t know the root of the whole illness many treatments mainly focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease instead. One of the treatments available is called Psychosocial Treatments. These treatments can help people who are already taking antipsychotic medication. They help these people deal with the everyday life challenges they normally have an issue with. For instance, it helps with communication, self-care, work, and building and maintaining relationships with the people around them. People who take these treatments are more likely to keep using their medications and less likely to relapse. Another treatment is called Illness Management, where the patient learns how to manage their illness on their own. Learning the basic facts about their illness helps them determine good decision-making by themselves. Rehabilitation programs are commonly used among patients with Schizophrenia for several reasons. They include job management, money management, help with public transportation, and how to communication with people properly. Programs like these help people with Schizophrenia hold jobs, remember important information better, and improve how they function from day to day life. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is all available to these patients. This type of therapy focuses on testing their reality of their thoughts and perceptions. It teaches them how to “not listen” to their voices and how to manage their overall symptoms.
There are currently five different known cases of Schizophrenia. Paranoid, Disorganized Sub-type, Catatonic Sub-type, Undifferentiated Sub-type, and Residual Schizophrenia. The types of symptoms that occur to make a diagnosis of Schizophrenia is not the same between the people who are affected by it. The symptoms may change from one period of time to the next with the affected person depending on how the disease grows and continues. Paranoid Schizophrenia is the presence of hallucinations and prominent delusions of conspiracies. People with this sub-type of schizophrenia have more of an ability to manage there everyday lives, while still maintaining relationships and jobs. People who are diagnosed with Disorganized Schizophrenia are exactly as claimed. Although there hallucinations are less pronounced these people have significant impairments with everyday life. They find it hard to dress, bath, feed, and even brush there own teeth. Usually these people seem emotionally unstable and their emotions may not seem suitable for the situation they are in. People diagnosed with Catatonic Sub-type Schizophrenia develop a dramatic reduction in activity. They prefer not to move about and they have a strong resistance to change. They tend to do actions with seem relatively purposeless but the repeatedly perform the same movements over and over. People with this disorder tend to put themselves into unusual body positions and facial contortions. People who obtain Undifferentiated Schizophrenia are usually diagnosed when there symptoms are not sufficiently formed. Residual Schizophrenia is when the person is no longer prominent in the illness’s symptoms. Although the hallucinations are still there, they are not nearly as severe.
For some people Schizophrenia comes on quick and suddenly without much of a warning. For most it attacks slowly and with plenty of subtle warnings to be able to execute the problem. Most people will find a gradual decline in everyday functioning long before the first severe experience. In earlier stages people who have schizophrenia appear to be unmotivated, emotionless, and reclusive. They tend to isolate themselves a lot more than they used too from the people around them. They start to really lose a certain care for personal appearance. People around them seem to notice there general indifference in life. It is not uncommon for people to start abandoning things they once loved such as a hobby or certain activities. There work performances deteriorate at school and on the job. There are numerous signs that lead to the beginning stages of Schizophrenia. They become socially withdrawn among many other things. They gain hostility, they become flat and expressionless, they have an inability to cry or express any form of emotion, depression, they tend to laugh at inappropriate times, some get insomnia and others oversleep. Symptoms are endless but noticeable. With most people having a gradual decline in everyday activity there is time to always get help. It important to mention paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions as well.
There are no proven single causes of Schizophrenia. Like all mental diseases it is not one hundred percent understood. There are many factor that can lead up or cause this mental disorder which scientists are very unaware of. It is not caused by bad diet or horrible upbringings. Stress can trigger and worsen many of the symptoms but is not the cause of the disorder. Schizophrenia is a disorder of the brain and it is likely there are a mix of factors that may cause it. Some of those involve a chemical disorder in the brain causing a lack of understanding and interacting appropriately, genetic makeup, and a defect in how the brain develops ones personality. Scientists strongly believe that there are really two factors that play apart in creating this disorder. Genes and the environment. Scientists believe that since genes are passed down there are more than one that create this, rather than one singular gene. If your mother, father, sister, brother, etc., have schizophrenia your chances of getting it genetically passed down are much higher.
Although the word Schizophrenia is less than one hundred years old, it has a history and it was first identified by Dr. Kraepelin in 1887 as a discrete mental illness. Despite his findings in 1887 the illness itself is believed to have followed humans throughout mankind’s history. The oldest description of this mental disorder or something close like it can be found in the Ebers Papyrus, which is dated back to Egypt of 1550 B.C. In past times this disorder was not thought of as an illness but as a form of demonic possession. In 1883, Dr. Kraepelin wrote a book called, Psychiatric Compendium. This book related mental dysfunction with physical causes. He was the first person to bring together information on describing and classifying mental illnesses and abnormal behaviors. In 1911, a Swiss psychiatrist names Eugen Bleuler introduced the word Schizophrenia. He decided this name to reflect key features of the illness’s effect on the individuals thought processes. He thought of the disease as a “splitting of the mind” from reality. Bleuler believed that Schizophrenia was a combination of multiple diseases, which during his time went against all generally accepted beliefs. Today’s medical research studies have provided evidence that Schizophrenia has much to do with brain damage being a significant causing factor. There are no strong findings that support that the mental illness is purely a psychological problem, but there are strong factors.